The brain prioritizes the detection of objects that are more important for us to see, and those tend to be smaller. To a hawk hunting for its next meal, a mouse suddenly darting through a field matters more than the swaying motion of the grass and trees around it. As a result, Tadin and his team discovered, the brain suppresses information about the movement of the background — and as a side effect, it has more difficulty perceiving the movements of larger objects, because it treats them as a kind of background, too.
I easily can see why our brain would make a priority case for small moving objects against a distant background. Nobody likes getting hit in the head by a baseball.
David Hume famously warned however how this tends to make us prone to poor ethical decisions:
There is no quality in human nature which causes more fatal errors in our conduct than that which leads us to prefer whatever is present to the distant and remote
In the security industry we pour investment into bounties for people who overspecialize to the point of repeatedly finding tiny flaws (like the little bird scanning for their next mouse, the dog catching a ball), while claiming nobody can possibly afford to remain a generalist.
That’s a bad long-term investment strategy, because we become blind to bigger looming directions while we celebrate tiny movements. Admittedly I say this from the position of an inexpensively trained generalist.
As far as I can tell, Amazon only even acknowledged the mistake because Zack Whittaker wrote an article on it. That pretty much forced Amazon’s hand to respond.
Would someone building and maintaining bridges over water that then collapse still be called smarter than you are “notwithstanding” the collapses? Seems unfair, as if to say you can be smart at engineering and yet do harm.
If you are smart enough to avoid a collapse doesn’t that make you smarter and in the most important way (abiding by core engineering ethic of do no harm)?
I’ll be teaching a CS course on ethics again this year and can’t wait to hear what students think of how smart it is for the CEO of a tech company to do harm and play dumb.
Back in 2011 the US Army announced it was researching how to replace the high-visibility tracer rounds with something only they could see.
Tracer rounds today are used primarily with fully automatic firearms; they give off a “large flame behind them during flight allowing observers, including the target, to see where the tracer was fired from. With non-combustible tracers, only the rear of the bullet is emitting light directly at the shooter which greatly reduces the ability of others to determine the shooter’s location. This increases survivability of our forces,” explained Daniel De Bonis, a materials engineer in ARL’s Weapons and Materials Research Directorate.
He said creating a non-combustible, low observable tracer (LOT) round solution, would eliminate the pyrotechnic material that give traditional combustible rounds their ‘fireworks-like effect.’
USSOCOM is seeking 7.62mm x 51 NATO spotting rounds to replace tracers for adjusting machine gun fire, both day and night, producing a flash and /or smoke signature visible at 800m-1200m. Current tracers allow gunners to observe the trajectory of the rounds and make aiming corrections without observing the impact of the rounds fired and without using the sights of the weapon. However, these rounds give away the gunners position, burn out before the maximum range of the machine gun and draws enemy fire. Replacing tracers with marking or spotting pyrotechnic rounds enables the gunner to directly control the impact on to the target, shows target coverage, and does not disclose the shooters location. This will increase the accuracy of machine gun fire, save ammunition, and increase gunner survivability.
Survival is a trade-off. The shooter has to see, yet not reveal themselves. It’s a tall order to make targeting work from one side’s view only when we’re talking about high rate of powerful weapon fire. Disclosure of information about the position of a soldier, and their need to see where they are aiming, is tough to reconcile with the simple fact that a high power weapon firing at a fast rate is oozing data.