This Day in History: Munich Agreement

Ondřej Matějka, the deputy director of the Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes (ÚSTR) provides a fascinating interview on the 80th anniversary of the infamous Munich Agreement:

…the problem wasn’t that the Czechoslovak state couldn’t hold the borders. The problem was more within the society living there, where the pressure from the Sudetendeutsche Partei towards our citizens and people who were sympathetic towards other political parties, especially social democrats and communists, was big. I think the Sudetenland is an extraordinary example of the making of a totalitarian society, where one power, through terror and social pressure, is taking over power in the society

The agreement led to annexation of Czechoslovakian border territory by an expansionist Nazi regime, and the designation of this area as “Sudetenland”.

It also setback plans to overthrow the fascist dictator of Nazi Germany.

Opponents of the Nazi regime leader, such as the head of the German Army, perceived the Munich agreement as foreign states having weak appetite for more permanently ending the Nazi terror and social pressure.

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